Tous les sites de l'IGN | Le portail de l'IGN | RSS
French forest General information and evolution

General information and evolution

Forest area in Europe currently amounts to 215 million ha and accounts for 33% of the total land area. The degree of forest cover varies among countries in Europe. While the most extensive forest cover (53%) is found in Northern Europe, South-East Europe is the least forested region in Europe (23%) (State of Europe’s Forests, 2015).

Source: State of Europe’s Forests 2011

France is the fourth country after Sweden (28.0 Mha), Finland (22.4 Mha) and Spain (18.6 Mha) in terms of forest area. (Global Forest Resources Assessment, FAO, 2020).

Since the second half of the XIXth century, growth has been constant. In 1830, the wooded area in France was assessed between 8.9 and 9.5 million of hectares (Cinotti, 1996). Since 1985, the annual expansion recorded by the NFI is up to 80 000 hectares. The French forest area reaches 16.9 millions of hectares (covering 31% of the territory) in 2019 [1].

This important growth was mainly due to:
- the rural exodus
- the post-war agricultural revolution
- the land afforestation by the Fonds forestier national (FFN): 2 millions of hectares of trees planted between 1947 and 1999
- and the poursuit of the mountain reafforestation.
Since the past 10 years, this growth has been going on.

Afforestation rate in 1908
Quantity Estimate (1,000 ha) Share of total land area Description
Production forest 15,958 ± 117 29% Forest available for wood supply
Other forests 916 ± 54 2% Forest non available for wood supply (protection status, military area, inaccessibility)
Forest land 16,874 ± 111 31% Area >0.5 ha, min 20m wide, min. crown cover of 10%, min. height of trees 5m maturity in situ
Other land 38,069 ± 162 69% All land that is not classified as forest land
Total land area 54,944 100%


[1The results are extracted from the last five inventory campains (led between 2015 and 2019), with 2017 as the mean year called "2019" in this article.